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Tree Services: A Tree’s Condition & Health

“How do I keep my tree healthy?” Once you have invested in a tree for your property, investing in tree services is a sure way of keeping your tree growing and thriving. When we inspect for tree health and do annual maintenance, there are factors we will access to determine the integrity of the tree and to prolong longevity.

Tree Services: Determining Tree Interior Core Health

The ‘backbone’ of the tree is the trunk, and that’s where we start. A healthy interior core of sound wood can be determined with a resistograph machine if necessary. Before we would go to this expense, though, we would observe other features of the tree and access. If you are in doubt though to an older tree’s safety, we can use this method to determine if there is any break in structural integrity from decay.

The crown of a tree must be maintained and pruned each year to keep air flow and eliminate dead, damaged or diseased limbs. If not, these limbs can deflect from the growth of the crown. Making these pruning cuts once a year as the tree grows will keep the crown in good shape.

 Tree Services: Promoting Strong Limb Growth

Maintaining the shape of the tree will also keep the limbs strong. Too many limbs that are compromised by tree services-tree health-incorrect pruning, damage, diseased or unnatural growth can result in weakened limbs. With the tree service report, these limbs can be inspected for leaf growth or tagged for removal.

A measurement can be taken on an annual basis to determine the growth and if it’s in line with average growth in the area. Some years may be more than other years depending on the weather and light factors. Construction projects close by can also play a part in the growth of the tree.

 Tree Services: The Root Zone and Tree Health

To protect the health of your tree, keep the root zone protected and undisturbed throughout the life of the tree. The root zone is the nutrient and oxygen center for the tree and where it gains its strength and anchoring. If there is a sudden shift in the soil, the tree might respond negatively. Caution has to be taken and observed. Consider the soil compaction and nutrient levels of the tree zone surface. Fertilization regiments should be maintained as well each year along with proper and consistent irrigation.

Regular tree services and maintenance on your trees will help keep the plants around your property safe and save you money on the cost of tree removal. If you are in need of tree services, please contact us for a consultation. During a consultation, we will go over all the factors in keeping your tree healthy for years to come.

 

Tree Pruning for Life Span and Safety

pruning trees-tree trimming

Why Pruning is Necessary

Pruning a tree is required to maintain the life and health of the tree. The early years of a tree’s growth are crucial to its silhouette, vigor, and overall life duration. Trees are an asset to the landscape in many ways. Trees offer shade and lower utility bills. They can produce food and provide shelter for animals and birds. Keeping them in good health will give the homeowner years of protection and enjoyment and add value to the property. Sometimes a tree’s appearance can appear lopsided, and trimming can give it an overall better appearance. Crowded growth can inhibit air flow, hence being a recipe for disease. Branches that cross or rub against each other or another object such as a fence will create a wound. Damaged and diseased limbs should be cut out to lessen the spread of infection.

What to Prune and Not to Prune

When a tree is first planted, step back and look at the overall shape of the tree. Remove any broken branches that could have occurred in planting or moving. Remove competing leaders that will inevitably hamper the life span. Prune damaged or diseased limbs or branches at this point. Remove all tags and ties from the tree. Ensure the root system has plenty of room to grow and expand to anchor the tree and feed the branches. Remove oddly shaped branches for the overall look of the tree. Prune any branches that are rubbing together.  Eliminate branches that are impairing a walking space or protruding in undesirable locations.tree stumps-tree trimming-pruning trees

 Inspecting Your Trees

Trees can come under stress for various reasons. Droughts, floods, heavy winds, heavy snowfall, can all take a toll on the branches and root system of trees. Using a set of binoculars to inspect your tree annually or after a storm can prevent damage later to your property or persons. Check for loose limbs that may have fallen and gotten caught in other branches. Look for tears in the bark or wounds that could be an entry for disease. Inspect the bark carefully for pests or holes. The ground around a tree can also contribute to the health. Is it compacted or recently been moved? Piling excess amounts of soil or mulch around a tree’s base can eventually strangle it from getting the necessary oxygen levels it needs to survive. Driving heavy vehicles or equipment over the surface near the tree roots will compact the soil and make it harder for penetration of water and nutrients. A newly installed driveway or sidewalk near the root system will affect the health of the tree. If the leaves are still on the trees, look for barren spots where leaves no longer grow and mark that branch to be removed at the proper time.

Variety of Trees to Prune Now

While trees are dormant in the winter and the sap is running low, it is an excellent opportunity to prune deciduous trees such as Chaste trees, crape myrtle, Smoke Tree, Maple, Walnut, Birch, and Oaks. Spring blooming trees such as Cherry’s should be pruned immediately after the flowers fade instead of prior. As a rule, prune trees that bloom in mid to late summer in dormancy during the winter months. Avoid pruning trees in the fall because the healing process of wounds take longer and make the tree more susceptible to fungi.

Pruning Shoots & Suckers off Trees

Some trees will offer up shoots and suckers to regenerate itself as the tree gets older to regenerate itself. Other times suckers are apparent because of some injury or disease to the tree to grow more branches to recover. Eliminate these shoots and suckers to prevent the diversion of water and nutrients away from the main trunk.  Shoots will pop out are around cut wounds on a tree. Remove carefully in order not to cause more harm or to tear the bark of the tree.  Suckers will grow at the base of a tree so remove by moving some of the soil to find the base of the sucker. Cut close to the base to Inhibit further unnecessary growth.  Annual vigilance will keep your tree from regenerating in this way and help it to thrive. Trees that are likely to sucker include Angelica trees, Beech, Birches, Buckthorn, Apple trees,

Proper pruning and tree care will extend the lifespan and add strength to the branches against harsh weather conditions. An annual inspection and pruning will keep you in the shade for a long time. If you need tree work done, call us for a consultation today. 828.774.1590.